Guide to SSO with Federated IdPs
What is Single Sign On?
SSO is an alternative access method which allows FT customers to have full access to FT.com without having to manually login when accessing the site via an agreed route. It allows for users to be deprovisioned when an individual leaves an organisation, after a 90 day grace period.
What is Federated access?
Federated Access Management builds a trust relationship between identity providers (IdP) and service providers (SP). It devolves the responsibility for authentication to a user’s home organisation, and establishes authorisation through the secure exchange of information (known as attributes) between the two parties.
What is an Access Federation?
Federation members needing access to resources install identity provider (IdP) software, and members providing resources install service provider (SP) software. Members sign up to an agreed set of policies for exchanging information about users and resources. The federation operator acts as a registrar for this information, which describes the configuration of the members’ identity and service providers. The information is known as metadata.
How authentication is carried out by the identity provider and how rights management is carried out by the service provider is left up to the respective parties. Thus, federated access management depends on a certain level of trust. These trust agreements are managed by federations. Federations are typically being established at a national level.
The UK Access Management for Education & Research (the UK federation) is operated by JISC Collections, in partnership with EDINA (a JISC data centre), on behalf of JISC. Examples of other federations include:
What are the benefits of SSO for FT customers?
SSO allows users to access FT.com using their employee or education network IDs. In addition to more convenient access for end users, SSO offers more control and transparency for the administration of the account.
End reader benefits
- Creates an easy, frictionless login for users and access to FT content across multiple devices without the need to remember a password
- Users can easily sign themselves up
- Users that currently login without authenticating themselves such as through IP access are not getting the most from their access as there are a number of new developments on FT.com that require user authentication, for example, gift articles and My FT
- Deliver a more personalised service as users are identifiable allowing us to be able to recommend reads that are relevant and assist directly on account needs/ alerts/ issues
Administrators/ Knowledge Manager benefits
- Less time spent on administering accounts and re-setting passwords
- Management of large subscriptions is more efficient
- Through Deprovisioning, users who have left the organisation or that have become redundant will be automatically removed and existing users will be reminded to re-engage
- Possibility to reduce costs by identifying and removing those inactive users
- Overall SSO is a more secure login process as organisations can enforce their password policies
- Low integration costs. Available to any organisation that is a member of an Access Federation
What is involved in joining an Access Federation?
This depends on what your current SSO capabilities are. If you already have an existing SSO infrastructure, it may be easy to join the relevant Federation. Each Federation’s website contains details of the requirements for joining.
I can’t join my local federation as they only currently allow education or research institutions to join, what are my options?
The OpenAthens Federation is set up specifically to work with commercial organisations. Details on their membership criteria can be found here.
Once I am a member of an Access Federation, how do I get set up to access FT.com?
Once you are a member, you will just need to supply the FT with your EntityID, which your Access Federation will supply you with. We will use this ID to add the SSO access method to your account.
You can find more information federated set up section here: FT SSO Setup - Federated SSO Introduction
If I am not currently part of an Access Federation, can I still be set up with single sign on?
Your organisation can still be set up with single sign on access to FT.com if you are not currently a member of an Access Federation or if joining an Access Federation is not suitable for you organisation. Our Peer 2 Peer SSO access allows users to access FT.com using their employee enterprise IDP.
For more information on Peer 2 Peer SSO access please visit FT SSO Setup - Peer-to-Peer SSO Introduction
How are SSO users deprovisioned?
As an additional feature with SSO set up, if an SSO enabled user doesn’t access via the SSO route for 90 days the FT will assume that their access has been removed on the client’s side, and the user will be deprovisioned. Deprovisioned means that the user will be automatically moved from the relevant active user group to the organisation’s inactive user group. The user will be notified that this change has happened, and that will revert to having registered access to the site. The user will also be notified after 83 days of inactivity warning them that they will shortly lose their subscription access, if they do not log in before the 90 days cut off.
How are SSO users reprovisioned?
If a deprovisioned user accesses the site via the SSO route, they will be automatically reprovisioned. This means that the FT will automatically recognise that the user is coming from an SSO enabled organisation. They will be moved from the inactive user group and will become a member of the relevant active user group where they will regain their subscription access. This will be seamless and should not be visible by the end user.
What happens if SSO is switched on/off midway through a contract?
SSO can be switched on or off at any point without causing issues. If you request that SSO be turned off during a contract, access for all previously SSO enabled users reverts back to normal FT.com access rules. All users will have access in line with the contracted end date of the group, and the users within the group will not be automatically deprovisioned. If SSO is then reactivated, the automated deprovisioning will restart, whereby it will go back to identify previous SSO users or deactivate users accordingly, if their accounts are still inactive.
What is a WAYFLess URL?
As part of your SSO fulfilment you will be supplied with a WAYFLess URL (Where are you from? URL). A WAYFLess URL can be used to link to FT.com directly from your portal or Intranet. All users accessing will be routed back via their Identity Provider and then taken back to FT.com. Depending on their status, they will either be logged in automatically or they will be directed to the relevant sign up page.
Is SSO dependent on IP address?
No, SSO doesn’t use IP address to identify what organisation a user is from. That information is passed to us securely from the users Identity Provider. All information passed from the Identity Provider and/or Federation, is encrypted before it is passed over to the FT.
Does the FT provide mobile SSO?
SSO enabled users can sign in to their FT account via SSO on their mobile / tablet devices. Simply visit the FT Web App (app.ft.com) (e.g. the FT ‘home screen’ icon on an IOS device) or the FT Android Native App and follow the instructions.
Note: The ability to sign in to the users IdP /federation account on their mobile/tablet device will be required to allow users to sign into their FT account via SSO.
Is SSO compatible with Access Manager?
Yes. If your organisation is interested in using Access Manager as well as SSO both can be enabled, as long as the Access Manager is updated to include the relevant WAYFLess URL. This is needed so the users are directed back through their IDP, which ensures they are identified and redirected to the correct page.
Is SSO compatible with EzProxy?
Yes, as SSO isn’t dependent on your organisation’s IP address. Use of a web proxy such as EzProxy should not cause any problems.
I have some questions about Single Sign On. Who should I contact?
For any queries about the FT’s SSO service, please contact us or your Customer Success Manager (CSM)
- Guide to SSO with Federated IdPs
- Setup - Federated IdPs
- User Guide - Federated IdPs
- Setup - Single Sign On for Corporate Organisations
- User Guide - Single Sign On for Corporate Organisations
- Testing SSO within your business before Go-Live
- SSO User Journey (logging in via SSO)
- SSO User Journey (existing user: first time SSO login)
- Enable SSO